Factors influencing the transformation of Iraqi holy cities: the case of Al-Najaf

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Sabeeh L. Farhan
Daniel Antón
Venus S. Akef
Salah L. Zubaidi
Khalid S. Hashim

Keywords : urban transformation factor, traditional urban pattern, heritage, Al-Najaf, Iraqi holy cities, Islamic culture
The historic centre of the Iraqi city of Al-Najaf embraces a seasonal pilgrimage to its holy sites that forces unusual urban conditions. This paper examines the impact of development projects and studies on the heritage integrity of the public (religious). This paper, therefore, recommends raising public awareness to adopt design approaches to face the overflow of visitors and the loss of heritage identity.

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Farhan, S. L., Antón, D., Akef, V. S., Zubaidi, S. L., & Hashim, K. S. (2021). Factors influencing the transformation of Iraqi holy cities: the case of Al-Najaf. Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences (SREES), 30(2), 365–375. https://doi.org/10.22630/PNIKS.2021.30.2.31

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