Effects of incorporating granite powder in the mechanical properties of concrete

Main Article Content

Socrates Pedro MUÑOZ PÉREZ

Keywords : concrete, granite powder, compressive strength, flexural strength, workability

This study analyzes the effects of the incorporation of the granite powder (GP) as a partial replacement of the sand in the concrete in percentages of 10%, 15%, 20% and 30% to carry out a mix design of 210 kg·cm–2. Seeking to find an optimal proportion to increase its mechanical properties where the geotechnical characteristics of the aggregates were identified, workability, temperature, beams and concrete specimens were elaborated. The results of bending and compression tests were compared after 7, 14 and 28 days from setting between the standard concrete and the concrete incorporated with the GP. It is concluded that the optimal result was at 20% GP with 268.6 kg·cm–2, where the compressive strength increases by 13%, while its flexural property rupture modulus of 35 kg·cm–2 and workability are in an optimal range according to the stipulated parameters, thus allowing an important application for this waste in the construction industry, therefore contributing to recycling, environmental quality and the development of the usage of new materials.

Article Details

How to Cite
MUÑOZ PÉREZ, S. P., & ATOCHE ZAMORA, J. J. (2023). Effects of incorporating granite powder in the mechanical properties of concrete. Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences (SREES), 32(1), 18–33. https://doi.org/10.22630/srees.4479
Author Biographies

Socrates Pedro MUÑOZ PÉREZ, Cesar Vallejo University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Peru

Civil Engineer graduated from the Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo Lambayeque in 2006, with 11 years of experience in execution of civil works and production of pre-fabricated and prestressed and 13 years of collegiate, with a Master's degree in Earth Sciences with Mention in Geotechnics graduated from the Universidad Nacional de San Agustin Arequipa, with a Diploma in Applied Geology Specialization in Mining by the Mining Chamber of Peru. My main values are loyalty, responsibility, companionship, punctuality and the desire to improve. Former undergraduate professor in the courses of Soil Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics, Geology at the Universidad Catolica San Pablo, Universidad Nestor Caceres Velasquez, Universidad Alas Peruanas, Former Postgraduate Professor at the Universidad Nestor Caceres Velasquez in the course of Soil and Rock Mechanics, Professor at the Universidad Señor de Sipan.

Jorge Junior ATOCHE ZAMORA, University of the Lord of Sipan, Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Urban Planning, Perú

Bachelor in Civil Engineering


Almeida, K. S. D., Soares, R. A. L. & Matos, J. M. E. D. (2020). Efeito de resíduos de gesso e de granito em produtos da indústria de cerâmica vermelha: revisão bibliográfica [Effect of gypsum and granite residues on products from the red ceramic industry: literature review]. Matéria (Rio de Janeiro), 25 (1), e-12568. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1517-707620200001.0893 (Crossref)

Amani, A., Babazadeh, A., Sabohanian, A. & Khalilianpoor, A. (2019). Mechanical properties of concrete pavements containing combinations of waste marble and granite powders. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 22 (12), 1531–1540. https://doi.org/10.1080/10298436.2019.1702662 (Crossref)

ASTM International [ASTM] (2015a). Slump of portland cement concrete (ASTM C143). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.

ASTM International [ASTM] (2015b). Standard test method for compressive strength of cylindrical concrete specimens (ASTM C39/C39M). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.

ASTM International [ASTM] (2015c). Standard test method for particle-size analysis of soils (ASTM D422). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.

ASTM International [ASTM] (2015d). Standard test method for relative density (specific gravity) and absorption of coarse aggregate (ASTM C127-15). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.

ASTM International [ASTM] (2015e). Standard test method for sieve analysis of fine and coarse aggregates (ASTM C136). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.

ASTM International [ASTM] (2015f). Standard test method for temperature of freshly mixed hydraulic cement concrete (ASTM C1064). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.

ASTM International [ASTM] (2015g). Standard test method for temperature of freshly mixed hydraulic cement concrete (ASTM C1064/C1064M-08).West Conshohocken: ASTM International.

ASTM International [ASTM] (2016). Standard test method for flexural strength of concrete (using simple beam with center-point loading) (ASTM C293). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.

Cordeiro, G. C., Alvarenga, L. M. S. C. de & Rocha, C. A. A. (2016). Rheological and mechanical properties of concrete containing crushed granite fine aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 111, 766–773. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.02.178 (Crossref)

Ghorbani, S., Taji, I., Brito, J. de, Negahban, M., Sahar, G., Tavakkolizadeh, M. & Davoodi, A. (2019). Mechanical and durability behaviour of concrete with granite waste dust as partial cement replacement under adverse exposure conditions. Construction and Building Materials, 194, 143–152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.11.023 (Crossref)

Ghouchani, K., Abbasi, H. & Najaf, E. (2022). Some mechanical properties and microstructure of cementitious nanocomposites containing nano-SiO2 and graphene oxide nanosheets. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 17, e01482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2022.e01482 (Crossref)

Gupta, L. K. & Vyas, A. K. (2018). Impact on mechanical properties of cement sand mortar containing waste granite powder. Construction and Building Materials, 191, 155–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.09.203 (Crossref)

Jain, K. L. & Sancheti, G. (2022). Effect of granite fines on mechanical and microstructure properties of concrete. Advances in Concrete Construction, 13 (6), 461–470. https://doi.org/10.12989/acc.2022.13.6.461

Najaf, E. & Abbasi, H. (2022a). Impact resistance and mechanical properties of fiber-reinforced concrete using string and fibrillated polypropylene fibers in a hybrid form. Structural Concrete Journal of the fib, 2022, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1002/suco.202200019 (Crossref)

Najaf, E. & Abbasi, H. (2022b). Using recycled concrete powder, waste glass powder, and plastic powder to improve the mechanical properties of compacted concrete: cement elimination approach. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2022, 9481466. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/9481466 (Crossref)

Najaf, E., Orouji, M. & Ghouchani, K. (2022). Finite element analysis of the effect of type, number, and installation angle of FRP sheets on improving the flexural strength of concrete beams. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 17, e01670. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2022.e01670 (Crossref)

National Ready Mixed Concrete Association [NRMCA] (2021). CIP 16 – Flexural strength of concrete. Alexandria, VA: National Ready Mixed Concrete Association. Retrieved from: https://eaglerockconcrete.com/wp-content/uploads/concrete-in-practice-16pr.pdf [accessed 30.09.2022].

Özcan, F. & Koç, M. E. (2018). Influence of ground pumice on compressive strength and air content of both non-air and air entrained concrete in fresh and hardened state. Construction and Building Materials, 187, 382–393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.07.183 (Crossref)

Prokopski, G., Marchuk, V. & Huts, A. (2020). The effect of using granite dust as a component of concrete mixture. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 13, e00349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2020.e00349 (Crossref)

Santos, C. C. dos & Rodrigues, J. P. C. (2016). Calcareous and granite aggregate concretes after fire. Journal of Building Engineering, 8, 231–242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2016.09.009 (Crossref)

Sharma, N. K., Kumar, P., Kumar, S., Thomas, B. S., & Gupta, R. C. (2017). Properties of concrete containing polished granite waste as partial substitution of coarse aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 151, 158–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.06.081 (Crossref)

Shwetha, K. G., Kumar, C. M., Dalawai, V. N., Anadinni, S. B. & Sowjanya, G. V. (2022). Comparative study on strengthening of concrete using granite waste. Materials Today: Proceedings, 62, 5317–5322. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2022.03.389 (Crossref)

Singh, S., Khan, S., Khandelwal, R., Chugh, A. & Nagar, R. (2016). Performance of sustainable concrete containing granite cutting waste. Journal of Cleaner Production, 119, 86–98. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.008 (Crossref)

Singh, S., Nagar, R. & Agrawal, V. (2016). A review on Properties of Sustainable Concrete using granite dust as replacement for river sand. Journal of Cleaner Production, 126, 74–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.03.114 (Crossref)

Taji, I., Ghorbani, S., De Brito, J., Y. Tam, V. W., Sharifi, S., Davoodi, A., & Tavakkolizadeh, M. (2019). Application of statistical analysis to evaluate the corrosion resistance of steel rebars embedded in concrete with marble and granite waste dust. Journal of Cleaner Production, 210, 837–846. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.11.091 (Crossref)

Tangaramvong, S., Nuaklong, P., Khine, M. T. & Jongvivatsakul, P. (2021). The influences of granite industry waste on concrete properties with different strength grades. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 15, e00669. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2021.e00669 (Crossref)

Zafar, M. S., Javed, U., Khushnood, R. A., Nawaz, A. & Zafar, T. (2020). Sustainable incorporation of waste granite dust as partial replacement of sand in autoclave aerated concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 250, 118878. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.118878 (Crossref)

Zhang, H., Ji, T., He, B. & He, L. (2019). Performance of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) with cement partially replaced by ground granite powder (GGP) under different curing conditions. Construction and Building Materials, 213, 469–482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.04.058 (Crossref)



Download data is not yet available.
Recommend Articles