Mortar for 3D printers using river sand, Portland cement and hydraulic lime

Main Article Content

Javier Palacios
Marcel Paredes
Tito Castillo
Oscar Paredes


Keywords : 3D printing, mortars, hydraulic lime, resistance, compression
Abstract
The 3D printing is a construction technology that uses mortar to make elements and structures. In this research, four types of mortar were elaborated using Portland cement types I and HE, adding hydraulic lime. Mortars with cement types I and HE without hydraulic lime presented higher resistance to compression than mortars made with lime. The four mortars had an adequate resistance to compression and features that are suitable for use in 3D printers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Palacios, J., Paredes, M., Castillo, T., & Paredes, O. (2020). Mortar for 3D printers using river sand, Portland cement and hydraulic lime. Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences, 29(4), 399–408. https://doi.org/10.22630/PNIKS.2020.29.4.34
References

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American National Standard Institute/American Society for Testing and Materials [ANSI/ /ASTM] (1979). Standard method of laboratory determination of moisture content of soil. ANSI/ASTM D2216-71.ANSI/ASTM: Philadelphia.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2003). Standard specification for concrete aggregates. ASTM C33-03. ASTM: West Conshohocken, PA.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2004). Standard test method for normal consistency of hydraulic cement. ASTM C187-04. ASTM: Philadelphia.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2005). Standard test method for compressive strength of cylindrical concrete specimens. ASTM C39-05. ASTM: Philadelphia.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2007). Standard test methods for compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars (using 2-in. or 50-mm cube specimens). ASTM C109/C109M-07. ASTM: Philadelphia.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2014). Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils. ASTM D422. ASTM: Philadelphia.

Campillo Mejía, M. (2017). Prefabricación en la arquitectura: Impresión 3D en hormigón [Precast architecture: concrete 3D printing] [thesis]. ETSAM - Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid. Retrieved from: http://oa.upm.es/47556/1/TFG_Campillo_Mejias_Miriam.pdf

Hager, I., Golonka, A. & Putanowicz, R. (2016). 3D printing of buildings and building components as the future of sustainable construction? Procedia Engineering, 151, 292-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.07.357

Khalil, N., Aouad, G., El Cheikh, K. & Rémond, S. (2017). Use of calcium sulfoaluminate cements for setting control of 3D-printing mortars. Construction and Building Materials, 157, 382-391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.09.109

Le, T.T., Austin, S.A., Lim, S., Buswell, R.A., Gibb, A.G.F. & Thorpe, T. (2012). Mix design and fresh properties for high-performance printing concrete. Materials and Structures, 45(8), 1221-1232. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9828-z

Malaeb, Z., Hachem, H., Tourbah, A., Maalouf, T., El Zarwi, N. & Hamzeh, F. (2015). 3D concrete printing: machine and mix design. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 6(6), 14-22.

Sakin, M. & Kiroglu, Y.C. (2017). 3D printing of buildings: construction of the sustainable Hhouses of the future by BIM. Energy Procedia, 134, 702-711. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.562

Salazar, M.A.M. (2016). Elaboracion de una dosificacion para fabricacion de superadobe, con ensacado de yute, cabuya [Obtaining of Superadobe, with jute, cabuya bagging]. Riobamba: Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo.

Salguero, C.E.M. (2018). Diseño de un mortero con cemento portland tipo i y he incluida cal hidráulica para su uso en impresoras 3D [Mortar design with type I portland cement and hydraulic lime for use in 3D printers]. Riobamba: Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo.

Torres Remón, R. (2016). Diseño de hormigón para impresión en 3D [Concrete design for 3D printing]. Valencia: Universidad Politécnica de Valencia.

Wu, P., Wang, J. & Wang, X. (2016). A critical review of the use of 3-D printing in the construction industry. Automation in Construction, 68, 21-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/ /j.autcon.2016.04.005

Zijl, G. Van & Tan, M.J. (2017). Properties of 3D printable concrete. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Progress in Additive Manufacturing (Pro-AM 2016) (pp. 421-426). Singapore: Research Publishing

Remove Altamirano, G., Cuevas, A. & Sanchez, Z. (2015). Utilización De Fibra De Coco En La Elaboración De Piezas Ecosustentables De Mampostería. Perspectiva En México Y Avance De Estudio [Use of coconut fiber for ecological bricklaying. Perspective in Mexico]. XX Congreso Nacional de Ingeniería Sísmica - SESPID, Mexico. Sociedad Mexicana de Ingeniería Sísmica. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/288991375_UTILIZACION_DE_FIBRA_DE_COCO_EN_LA_ELABORACION_DE_PIEZAS_ECOSUSTENTABLES_DE_MAMPOSTERIA_PERSPECTIVA_EN_MEXICO_Y_AVANCE_DE_ESTUDIO

American National Standard Institute/American Society for Testing and Materials [ANSI/ /ASTM] (1979). Standard method of laboratory determination of moisture content of soil. ANSI/ASTM D2216-71.ANSI/ASTM: Philadelphia.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2003). Standard specification for concrete aggregates. ASTM C33-03. ASTM: West Conshohocken, PA.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2004). Standard test method for normal consistency of hydraulic cement. ASTM C187-04. ASTM: Philadelphia.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2005). Standard test method for compressive strength of cylindrical concrete specimens. ASTM C39-05. ASTM: Philadelphia.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2007). Standard test methods for compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars (using 2-in. or 50-mm cube specimens). ASTM C109/C109M-07. ASTM: Philadelphia.

American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] (2014). Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils. ASTM D422. ASTM: Philadelphia.

Campillo Mejía, M. (2017). Prefabricación en la arquitectura: Impresión 3D en hormigón [Precast architecture: concrete 3D printing] [thesis]. ETSAM - Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid. Retrieved from: http://oa.upm.es/47556/1/TFG_Campillo_Mejias_Miriam.pdf

Hager, I., Golonka, A. & Putanowicz, R. (2016). 3D printing of buildings and building components as the future of sustainable construction? Procedia Engineering, 151, 292-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.07.357

Khalil, N., Aouad, G., El Cheikh, K. & Rémond, S. (2017). Use of calcium sulfoaluminate cements for setting control of 3D-printing mortars. Construction and Building Materials, 157, 382-391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.09.109

Le, T.T., Austin, S.A., Lim, S., Buswell, R.A., Gibb, A.G.F. & Thorpe, T. (2012). Mix design and fresh properties for high-performance printing concrete. Materials and Structures, 45(8), 1221-1232. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9828-z

Malaeb, Z., Hachem, H., Tourbah, A., Maalouf, T., El Zarwi, N. & Hamzeh, F. (2015). 3D concrete printing: machine and mix design. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 6(6), 14-22.

Sakin, M. & Kiroglu, Y.C. (2017). 3D printing of buildings: construction of the sustainable Hhouses of the future by BIM. Energy Procedia, 134, 702-711. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.562

Salazar, M.A.M. (2016). Elaboracion de una dosificacion para fabricacion de superadobe, con ensacado de yute, cabuya [Obtaining of Superadobe, with jute, cabuya bagging]. Riobamba: Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo.

Salguero, C.E.M. (2018). Diseño de un mortero con cemento portland tipo i y he incluida cal hidráulica para su uso en impresoras 3D [Mortar design with type I portland cement and hydraulic lime for use in 3D printers]. Riobamba: Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo.

Torres Remón, R. (2016). Diseño de hormigón para impresión en 3D [Concrete design for 3D printing]. Valencia: Universidad Politécnica de Valencia.

Wu, P., Wang, J. & Wang, X. (2016). A critical review of the use of 3-D printing in the construction industry. Automation in Construction, 68, 21-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/ /j.autcon.2016.04.005

Zijl, G. Van & Tan, M.J. (2017). Properties of 3D printable concrete. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Progress in Additive Manufacturing (Pro-AM 2016) (pp. 421-426). Singapore: Research Publishing

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