Role of wastewater treatment plants in pollution reduction - evaluated by Grey Water Footprint indicator

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Lada Stejskalová
Libor Ansorge
Jiří Kučera
Elżbieta Čejka


Keywords : grey water footprint, Odra river basin, pollution, wastewater treatment plant, water footprint assessment
Abstract

The study assesses the pollution discharged from 251 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) throughout the Odra river basin in the Czech Republic. The development of pollution production over a period of 15 years (2004–2018) together with a number of WWTPs in the Odra river basin were analyzed. The Grey Water Footprint (GWF) of discharged pollution was determined both in terms of individual size categories of WWTPs and in terms of the parameter that most affects the level of pollution. The share of the small WWTPs size categories (up to 2,000 PE) on the total GWF value of discharged pollution is only 8%, although these are the most numerous. The share of the WWTPs of the size category > 10,000 PE on the total GWF value of discharged pollution is 82%. Total phosphorus (at large WWTPs) and ammonium nitrogen (at small WWTPs) were identified as the key pollutants that most determine the value of the Grey water footprint of discharged pollution.

Article Details

How to Cite
Stejskalová, L., Ansorge, L., Kučera, J., & Čejka, E. (2022). Role of wastewater treatment plants in pollution reduction - evaluated by Grey Water Footprint indicator. Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Studies (SREES), 31(1), 26–36. https://doi.org/10.22630/srees.2313
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